S34I results will be validated at six different sites as industrial relevant environments and at different phases of the mining life cycle in order to holistically address the challenges of topic:

  • Land exploration in Spain, to gain knowledge on cobalt (Co) deposits (and associate critical metals) by effective exploration methods including old mine waste tailings;

  • Shallow waters / coastal exploration at the Iberian Peninsula Atlantic coast, to update the knowledge on coastal metallic placers including critical metals such as Ti, Sn, Li, rare earth elements (REEs) and Au;

  • Extraction phase in Austria, addressed questions associated with construction and chemical materials quarries which are widely spread geographically;

  • Closure/post-closure phase in Finland (2 sites) and Germany, tackles environmental and health impact challenges, critical for modern mining acceptance by the general public paving the way for independent pollution monitoring tools or early warning of risks.

@Provided by AURUM

Land exploration in Spain

Áramo mine

The Aramo Plateau pilot study area lies within the central part of Principado de Asturias in Northern Spain and at the western closure of the Cantabrian Orocline Fold and Thrust Belt. The historic Texeo or Aramo mine lies on the eastern side of the plateau and is classed as an epithermal carbonate hosted copper – cobalt – nickel deposit. The study area is focused on the identification of broader zones of alteration of the host rocks and by association the exploration potential for further mineralization both proximal to the historical mine as well as for new target areas across the plateau.

@Provided by IGME

Coastal exploration at the Iberian Peninsula Atlantic coast

Ria de Vigo

Ria de Vigo, is part of a system of several funnel-shaped estuarine inlets, Rias Baixas at the northwestern coast of Spain, formed by tectonic action and subsequent erosion. It exhibits suitable geological conditions (primary mineral source, weathering environment, means of transportation) for the occurrence of important CRM mineralizations including Ti, Sn, Li, REEs and Au placers, pegmatite, and hydrothermal deposits. The purpose of the study at Ria de Vigo is to investigate improved seabed mineral mapping, using novel EO-based methods, also by exploring the connection between seashore and coastal areas.

@Source S34I GA

Extraction phase in Austria


The Gummern quarry produces roughly 1 Mio.t of high-quality marble, both in open-pit and underground extraction sites. The mining procedure is accompanied by a range of technical challenges, mainly including proper quality control, sequencing / scheduling accompanied by geotechnical considerations on the stability of the slopes, as well as following the piling up of the waste dumps.

@Source National Land Survey of Finland



The underground mine is located in SW Finland, closed in 1961 and has been filled with water. The tailing area and the deposits rich in Au, Ag, Cu, Pb, Zn have been recently studied and are of interest for future development. In the project are addressed stability issues because there has been a collapse of the tunnel on February 7-8 2017.

@Source National Land Survey of Finland



Three multimetal (Cu-Co-Ni-Zn also Au, Ag, pyrite concentrate) underground mines in Outokumpu, Finland. The study focuses on the water network including Outolampi pond on the mine site, that stands on the tailings, has pH around 2 and is not under a monitoring program and the lake Sysmäjärvi, Natura 2000 area, that is well monitored and that is affected by the industrial activities of the region.

@Provided by BEAK



The mining and post-mining landscapes of the Lausitz area cover approx. 7000km2. There are a high number of former and active pits, remaining lakes, and channels used to release pumped water to surface water bodies with significant patterns of AMD.